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Solar panels work by letting photons from the sun’s rays knock electrons free from atoms inside of photovoltaic cells (pv cells) to generate a flow of electricity. Each panel is composed of many solar cells linked together (typically 60 or 72). Each cell contains a positive and negative layer that combine to form an electrical field in which energy is created.
Phosphorus inside the top silicon layer creates the negative charge, while boron in the bottom layer provides the positive charge. The two fields interact with one another to turn the sun’s rays into the energy that flows from your panels to your inverter.
Sunlight hits the layers of your solar panels, and photons and electrons interact to create an electrical current.
The electrical current flows from the panels down to your solar inverter, which converts the energy generated from your panels (DC) into usable energy for your home (AC).
The AC energy flows from the inverter into your breaker panel, which will then circulate it throughout your home.
Any unused AC will flow back to your utility meter and remain available for consumption. In some cases homeowners have the ability to return that unused AC back to the electric grid in the form of energy credits on their next power bill. This process is known as net metering in electricity generation.
Contact Ready Refrigeration for more information about our solar services! Call us today at 902.252.3128.